23 de Novembro de 2012

Land Governance in Brazil


      Major Report on Land Governance in Brazil Backs Peasant Empowerment   Debate weighs productivity and economic performance of small-scale and commercial farms     Brazil is a country of paradoxes and contrasts. One the one hand, it is increasingly a global agricultural powerhouse, and has witnessed spectacular growth over the last two decades, quadrupling commodity production and becoming a major exporter to world markets as well as the world’s largest biofuel producer. On the other hand, Brazil’s peasantry, while playing central role in meeting the country’s domestic food needs, faces to a large extent the same kinds of problems confronting small farmers of the Global South: increasing marginalisation and disempowerment in a context of land concentration and growing rural inequities. No country better than Brazil illustrates the complexity of today’s land governance challenges and dilemmas. To share lessons from Brazil’s fascinating experience, the International Land Coalition commissioned Land Governance in Brazil: A geo-historical review of land governance in Brazil, the second report in ILC’s Land Governance in the 21st Century – Framing the Debate Series. The report is authored by Bernardo Mançano Fernandes, an eminent geographer at the Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) known for his work with leading social movements in Brazil; Clifford Welch, a celebrated author and professor of contemporary Brazilian history at the Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP); and Elienai Gonçalves, a researcher at the UNESP Center of Agrarian Reform.